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Version: v1.4

Query Resources

Introduction

VelaQL(Vela Query Language) is a resource query language for KubeVela, used to query status of any extended resources in application-level.

KubeVela's Application encapsulates the underlying resources from the infrastructure. It brings the infrastructure agonistic experience to app developers but also makes challenges for platform builders to maintain. For example, the monitoring of the resource status created by KubeVela Application can be hard. Moreover, the status information within Application is not detailed enough for trouble shooting and the real-time feedback is poor.

The purpose of VelaQL is to help users and platform builders to uncover the mysterious of the Application. Users can query application deployment status through VelaQL, or use the extensible interface provided by VelaQL to customize query information to improve the observability of one Application.

Usage

Query from CLI

KubeVela command has supported a vela ql command to query resources.

You can specify a query file in cue like below:

import (
"vela/ql"
)
configmap: ql.#Read & {
value: {
kind: "ConfigMap"
apiVersion: "v1"
metadata: {
name: "vela-addon-registry"
namespace: "vela-system"
}
}
}
status: configmap.value.data["registries"]

Then use the following command to query:

$ vela ql -f ql.cue
{ \"KubeVela\":{ \"name\": \"KubeVela\", \"helm\": { \"url\": \"https://addons.kubevela.net\" } } }

It will print the value in the field status which is a keyword of VelaQL.

There're some other op CUE operations you can use in VelaQL.

Create VelaQL View for Query

You can apply the view to server for re-use, you need to wrap it in ConfigMap. We're going to provide a convenient command for this.

apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
name: query-config-map
namespace: vela-system
data:
template: |
import (
"vela/ql"
)

parameter: {
name: string
namespace: string
key: string
}

configmap: ql.#Read & {
value: {
kind: "ConfigMap"
apiVersion: "v1"
metadata: {
name: parameter.name
namespace: parameter.namespace
}
}
}
status: configmap.value.data["\(parameter.key)"]

There're two keywords:

  • The parameter, indicates which parameters can use in the query.
  • The status, indicates which fields of resources will be exported.

Apply the yaml into Kubernetes:

vela kube apply -f query-configmap.yaml

vela kube apply is the same with kubectl apply in case you don't kubectl command line.

Query from VelaQL View

Then everyone who has access to the cluster can query by re-use the view, the basic syntax is:

<view-name>{parameter1=value1,parameter2=value2}

In our example, you can query in the following command:

vela ql -q "query-config-map{name=vela-addon-registry,namespace=vela-system,key=registries}"

The result is the same.

Query from VelaUX API

VelaUX has use VelaQL for all it's resources query. You can also integrate in this way, just install VelaUX and query the resource status with the help of its api server. You can install VelaUX addon by:

vela addon enable velaux

You can refer to the velaux doc to learn how to expose endpoint. Assuming we started the apiserver at http://127.0.0.1:8000, you can use VelaQL like:

http://127.0.0.1:8000/api/v1/query?velaql="write VelaQL here"

The basic syntax is the same with command line.

view{parameter1=value1,parameter2=value2}

view represents a query view, which can be compared to the concept of a view in a database. The view in VelaQL is a collection of ConfigMap resources in the Kubernetes system, the name of the ConfigMap is also the name of the view.

Filter conditions are placed in {} as the form of key-value pairs, currently the value type only supports: string, int, float, boolean.

You can refer to velaux addon repo for more view examples.

Under the hood

In many scenarios, the built-in views cannot meet our needs, and the resources encapsulated under Application are not just the native resources of k8s. For many custom resources, users will have different query requirements. At this time, you need to write your own specific views to complete the query. This section will tell you how to write a custom view.

The current view in VelaQL relies on configMap in k8s as a storage medium, You can refer to https://github.com/kubevela/kubevela/blob/master/test/e2e-apiserver-test/testdata/component-pod-view.yaml. The template in the configMap data field stores the core logic of the view, template is a query statement implemented in cue language.

Every time you use VelaQL, the system will look for the configMap with the same name as the view under the vela-system namespace, and extract the template for query operations, so please ensure that your custom view is stored under vela-system. ​ The structure of a template is as follows:

import (
"vela/ql"
)

// The parameter here corresponds to the parameter in VelaQL
parameter: {
appName: string
appNs: string
name?: string
cluster?: string
clusterNs?: string
}

// query statement implemented with cue
...

// The query result of VelaQL will return the content of the status field by default,
// so please summarize the results you need to query under the status field
status: podList: {...}

Built-in VelaQL Operations

We provide the vela/ql package to help you query resources. The following explains the cue operators that can be used:

ListResourcesInApp

List all resources created by Application

Action Parameter

  • app: fill in the basic information of the application that needs to be queried, including the application name and application namespace,The filter field is used to filter the resources created by the application. The options include the cluster where the resource is located, the cluster namespace, and the component to which it belongs
  • list: after the operation is successful, this field will be filled. list is a list of all resources, the k8s description of the resource is stored in the object field.
  • err: if an error occurs in the operation, the error message will be displayed as a string.
#ListResourcesInApp: {
app: {
name: string
namespace: string
filter?: {
cluster?: string
clusterNamespace?: string
components?: [...string]
}
}
list?: [...{
cluster: string
component: string
revision: string
object: {...}
}]
err?: string
}

Usage

import (
"vela/ql"
)

// The parameter here corresponds to the parameter in VelaQL
parameter: {
appName: string
appNs: string
name?: string
cluster?: string
clusterNs?: string
}

resources: ql.#ListResourcesInApp & {
app: {
name: parameter.appName
namespace: parameter.appNs
filter: {
if parameter.cluster != _|_ {
cluster: parameter.cluster
}
if parameter.clusterNs != _|_ {
clusterNamespace: parameter.clusterNs
}
if parameter.name != _|_ {
components: [parameter.name]
}
}
}
}

// VelaQL returns the value of the status field by default
status: resourcesList: resources.list

CollectPods

List all pods created by the workload

Action Parameter

  • value: definition of the workload resource you want to query
  • cluster: cluster
  • list: after the operation is successful, this field will be filled. list is a list of all pod resources
  • err: if an error occurs in the operation, the error message will be displayed as a string.
#CollectPods: {
value: {...}
cluster: string
list?:[... v1.Pod]
err?: string
}

Usage

import (
"vela/ql"
)

parameter: {
name: string
}

resources: ql.#CollectPods & {
value: {
kind: "Deployment"
apiVersion: "apps/v1"
metadata: name: parameter.name
}
}

status: pods: resources.list

Read

Get resource in Kubernetes cluster.

Action Parameter

  • value: the resource metadata to be get. And after successful execution, value will be updated with resource definition in cluster.
  • err: if an error occurs, the err will contain the error message.
#Read: {
value: {}
err?: string
}

Usage

// You can use configmap.value.data after this action.
configmap: ql.#Read & {
value: {
kind: "ConfigMap"
apiVersion: "v1"
metadata: {
name: "configmap-name"
namespace: "configmap-ns"
}
}
}

List

List resources in the k8s cluster.

Action Parameter

  • resource: the resource metadata to be get
  • filter: namespace is used to select a namespace, and the matchingLabels field is used to filter labels
  • err: if an error occurs, the err will contain the error message.
#List: {
cluster: *"" | string
resource: {
apiVersion: string
kind: string
}
filter?: {
namespace?: *"" | string
matchingLabels?: {...}
}
list?: {...}
err?: string
}

Happy enjoy the extensibility of VelaQL for query resources in Kubernetes with CUE.